Diabetes & Diving

Diabetes is a major chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide, with an increasing trend. Roughly 6% of South Africans are affected. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) affects up to
half a million people of all ages in the United States, out of which 150 000 are younger than 19 years old. Many people continue to be productive members of the community and pursue various interests
and careers despite having diabetes. However, when it comes to diving, the diving medicine community has long maintained the conservative position that IDDM is an absolute contraindication for diving.